flame-retardant additives as possible cancer

flame-retardant additives as possible cancer

Your Flame-Resistant Tent Could Give You Cancer The chemistry doesn't do much to keep you safer—and it may just add toxins and cost innovation On a drizzly afternoon in 2013, Duke University ...

28/8/2020· Polymers 2020, 12, 1942 2 of 18 and organo-phosphorus flame retardants, as well as intumescent flame retardants. Moreover, the plastic compositions contain a high proportion of flame retardants, i.e., 10–20% [2,4]. Plastic polymers are durable and exhibit strong

Flame-retardant additives as possible cancer hazards Blum, Arlene; Ames, Bruce N. Science (Washington, DC, United States) (1977), 195 (4273), 17-23 CODEN: SCIEAS; ISSN: 0036-8075. A review, with 53 refs., of the history and biol The main flame retardant ...

PBDEs (polybrominated diphenyl ethers) — used widely as flame-retardant additives in electronics and furniture — have been detected in humans across the globe, with especially high levels in ...

o Cancer Additionally, some flame retardant chemicals are classified as persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT). ... possible for all types of materials, it is known to be feasible for many textile applications.6 If a flame retardant chemical is required in ...

Could your couch increase your chances of getting cancer? Possibly. Studies show that every day we are exposed to chemicals that were intended to protect us from household fires but are hazardous to our health. [1,2] Toxic flame retardants are used in upholstered furniture such as couches, chairs, and mattresses, including infant crib mattresses, and in drapery and carpets.

Flame-retardant additives as possible cancer www.sciencemag.org (this information is current as of November 28, 2006 ): The following resources related to this article are available online at

Flame-retardant additives as possible cancer hazards. Science. 1977; 95 ( 4273 ): 17 – 23 . Crossref, Google Scholar, Google Scholar 39 Abelson PH . The tris controversy ...

This review focuses on the possible impact of exposure to flame retardant chemicals on male ... and flame retardant additives, such as antimony trioxide (Sb2O3). In the presence of excess chlorine ...

The hypothesis that poisoning by phosphines, arsines and stibines might be the primary cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) was investigated. Most mattress materials contain phosphorus or antimony compounds as fire retardant additives. Mattress

Title Flame-Retardant Additives as Possible Cancer Hazards Created Date 20160808172235Z

11/4/2017· Flame retardants used in many home furnishings may boost the risk for thyroid cancer, researchers report ... So she and her colleagues wanted to explore a possible relationship with thyroid cancer.

Spurred in part by mounting evidence of health problems associated with flame retardant additives, as well as a Chicago Tribune investigation that found the additives may offer no meaningful fire protection, the state of California last year revised its Technical Bulletin 117 to remove a decades-old requirement that flame retardants be included in the stuffing of upholstered furniture.

FRX Polymers has a range of polymeric additives and reactive oligomers, all of which can be melted, compounded with other polymers, or can be used directly as inherently flame retardant materials. Applications in fibers, electronics, transportation (aerospace, trains), …

1/9/1977· Flame-retardant additives as possible cancer hazards. Blum A, Ames BN Science, (4273):17-23 MED: 831254 A study of flame retardants for textiles McGeehan Tris(2,3-dibromopropyl) phosphate: mutagenicity of a widely used flame retardant. Prival MJ ...

Incorporation of flame-retardant (FR) additives and nanoclay fillers into thermoplastic polymers effectively suppresses materials flammability and melt dripping behavior. However, it ...

Countless consumer products sold in California contain a flame retardant flagged as a possible carcinogen nearly 35 years ago. As of this week, finally, they must carry a warning that the chemical causes cancer. But is it enough when manufacturers simply replace ...

7/1/1977· Flame-retardant additives as possible cancer hazards By A Blum, BN Ames See all Hide authors and affiliations Science 07 Jan 1977: Vol. 195, Issue 4273, pp. 17-23 DOI: 10.1126/science.831254 Article Info & Metrics eLetters PDF This is a PDF-only article ...

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): et al.A Blum, hazards Flame-retardant additives as possible cancer www.sciencemag.org (this information is current as of November 28, 2006): The following resources related to this

4 “With obvious advantages like environmental friendliness and safety, organophosphorus flame retardant is gradually substituting for halogen flame retardant ….in 2013 alone, the market volume of organophosphorus flame retardant reached some 620 kt, accounting

2.2.3. Preparation of Flame-Retardant PP Samples Mixing appropriate amount of PP, APP, and the charring agent (PER, PEPA, or PBPP) on a two-roll mill at about 180 C at a rotor speed of 60 rpm for 8 minutes for each sample prepared PP composites. Then, the ...

7/1/1977· 1. Science. 1977 Jan 7;195(4273):17-23. Flame-retardant additives as possible cancer hazards. Blum A, Ames BN. PMID: 831254 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Publication ...

These additives had constituted the majority of flame-retardant solutions until new environmental directives such as REACH, WEEE and RoHS appeared, which currently restrict their use. This is due to the adverse effects they produce on both the organism and the environment, including toxicity, bioaccumulation, persistence in the organism and long-range transfer through the food chain.

White Paper: Fire Retardancy: What, Why and How Page 3 Figure 2 The phosphorus containing compound is converted by thermal decomposition to phosphoric acid. The phosphoric acid dehydrates the oxygen containing polymer and causes charring. HO + H 3 PO ...

The Clariant business unit Additives is a major supplier of flame retardants, performance additives and advanced surface solutions for functional effects in plastics, coatings, inks and consumer applications. June 24, 2020 Clariant’s bio ...

Valencia, CA; May 29, 2020: Cicoil, the global leader in highly flexible flat cable technology now offers Low Smoke Zero Halogen (LSZH) Multi-conductor Flat Cables for applications that require non-toxic, corrosive free, low smoke, flame retardant, zero halogen content and environmentally friendly cables. ...

Zinc borate (ZnB) has been used as a flame retardant, a smoke suppressant, and an antitracking agent in several applications. It may show synergistic effects with antimony oxide and metal hydroxides in fire retardant systems. In this work, the effect of ZnB on the flame retardancy of PET (poly(ethylene terephthalate)) woven fabrics was investigated. In order to provide the homogenous ...

1/9/2018· Different concentration of flame retardant additives was taken in various formulations so as to keep the amount of phosphorus in the films constant. All …

Nofia phosphonates are excellent flame retardant additives for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) applications that need to pass FR tests requiring permanent FR performance. Sample testing protocols include: UL94 V0 and VTM0, NF P92-507 (“M1 test”), DIN 4102-1, ASTM D6413, NFPA-701A, ASTM E162 and E84, US and Canadian Rail standards, EN45545, FAR 25:853, FMVSS 302, and ASTM …

21/10/2019· If your dog is enjoying time with you right now on the couch, there’s a very good chance that you and your dog are being exposed to dangerous chemical flame retardants which have been linked to cancer, reproductive and endocrine system problems and lower IQs

Organophosphorus flame retardants (OPFRs) are used as additives in plasticizers, foams, hydraulic fluids, anti-foam agents, and coatings for electronic components/devices to inhibit flames. These chemicals were developed and used as flame retardants because of environmental and health concerns of previously used brominated and chlorinated flame retardants (FRs).

Possible flame retardant mechanism was proposed. The combusted residue of incorporated cassava dregs could play a support effect in the three‐dimensional charred layer formed by the combustion products of IFR and PBS. The three‐dimensional intumescent ...

13/3/2017· This chapter deals with a brief account on various types of topics on flame retardant materials as additives in plastic technology. The chapter focuses on the mechanism of polymer combustion, the main mode of action, and the quality properties of flame retardant materials.

cancer study of this flame retardant in both mice and rats, and found that it caused cancers of the uterus in female rats and liver in male mice. 11 NTP studies are designed to identify substances that may present a cancer hazard to humans. In-houseNIEHS are ...

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) -- used widely as flame-retardant additives in electronics and in polyurethane foam used for carpet padding, mattresses, chairs, sofas and other furniture ...

Use the highest ATH loading possible while maintaining good paint properties – gloss, abrasion resistance, durability, contrast ratio, flow, leveling, etc. 2. Remove or minimize any ingredients that are flammable, such as plasticizers or coalescing additives which do not evaporate.

While intumescence is a leading scientific endeavor in fire protection engineering in modern times, its discovery dates back to British Patent 551, granted in 1735 to Obadiah Wyld [], which set the precedent for the boom seen in the 1970s–1980s flame retardant (FR) industry—which consequently lead to the current fast-replacement-based industry of fire protection additives.

1/1/1977· adshelp[at]cfa.harvard.edu The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A

1/10/2009· Flame retardant chemical additives have been used for several decades to reduce the flammability of resins and polymers found in commercial products such as furniture, mattresses, electronics (e.g. televisions, cell phones) and even children’s products such as1